When the fifth generation of wireless communications technology i.e. 5G arrives in 2020, engineers are expecting that it will become the backbone of the Internet of Things. As 5G is capable of data transmission ten times faster than today’s 4G networks, meaning data can be transmitted, processed much quicker and decisions based on that data can be made in real-time.
A new global era is near soon as a new architecture (IOT) and a new communication technology (5G) is going to transform everything. A CNET report even suggests that 5G’s speed, reach and responsiveness could unlock the full potential of recent technologies, offering a boost to the internet of things, drones, virtual reality, and self-driving cars.
Right now 5G network speeds are estimated to be as high as 10-20Gbps which is Ideal for bandwidth-hungry applications, it will also enable an even broader array of IoT capabilities and, combined, 5G and IoT will be able to deliver connected applications beyond today’s capacity, for example, advanced virtual reality and artificial intelligence.
5G’s latency will enable mission-critical IoT applications that require maximum responsiveness and reliability which could range from industrial automation through to connected/driverless vehicles and remote healthcare.
For example with the harmony of 5G and IoT in Autonomous vehicles we can collect data from a vast array of sensors, including speed and rain gauges, GPS and external cameras thereby we can identify manufacturing defects automatically, and we can also improve traffic flows, passenger’s safety. With the help of 5G, this information will become indispensable, as cities overlay other technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning – onto the real-time data outputs and revolutionize how we move.
Machine age where Machine to machine communication is possible is not anymore a sci-fi as emerging IoT-5G scenario extends sensor based IoT capabilities to drones, robots, and actuators for distributed coordination and reliable execution of tasks at hand.
Industry analysts predict by 2020, 30 to 50 billion devices will be connected to the Internet as part of the Internet of Things. These aren’t just devices connected to a human hand but devices that incorporate sensors to measure temperature, pressure, or stress and perhaps include actuators to turn on and off devices or make adjustments in real time.
In the future, we may see fewer traffic jams and less air pollution and of course ambulances that knows how to get patients to the hospital before it’s too late. There’ll be more clean water and fewer power outages as we use energy more efficiently thanks to 5G and the IoT though they won’t solve all the world’s problems, but surely some of them.